Stoicism was a distinguished school of thought in ancient Greece and Rome. Nowadays, the term “stoic” is loosely implied to describe someone who represses his feelings or has great enduring capacity. But in reality, stoicism is a deeper philosophical doctrine. Stoicism has its relevance even today. The doctrine is still practiced by wise people in our society because of its practical and simple approach.

In This Article hide
Stoic Definition
What is stoicism?
Stoicism beliefs
Stoic philosophy
Stoic virtues
Stoic Ethics
Stoic principles
Stoicism books
Stoicism symbol
Modern stoicism
How To Be A Stoic – How To Practice Stoicism
Final Thoughts

Stoic Definition

Stoic is someone who has achieved a state where they are not affected by any emotions.

Let’s check the definitions of “stoic” as given by the popular dictionaries.

Cambridge dictionary gives this definition for stoic – “determined not to complain or show your feelings, especially when something bad happens to you.”

On the other hand, Merriam Webster gives the following two definitions:

 “A member of a school of philosophy founded by Zeno of Citium about 300 B.C. holding that the wise man should be free from passion, unmoved by joy or grief, and submissive to natural law.”

• “One apparently or professedly indifferent to pleasure or pain.”

Oxford Learner’s Dictionary suggests: “A person who is able to suffer pain or trouble without complaining or showing what they are feeling.”

Collins dictionary states: “A member of the ancient Greek school of philosophy founded by Zeno of Citium, holding that virtue and happiness can be attained only by submission to destiny and the natural law.”

What is stoicism?

Stoicism was an ancient school of thought that taught it’s followers to accept life as it comes and cultivate some virtues to lead a meaningful life.

Stoicism was a concept formulated by the Greek philosopher, Zeno of Citium in the early 3rd century B.C. in the Hellenistic period.

After losing everything in a shipwreck, Zeno became a student of the Cynic school of philosophy. When he decided to start his school he did not even have the money to buy or rent a space. So, it was on the streets of Athens where Zeno met his students. He taught his ideas under the roofed colonnade, Stoa Poikile, hence his philosophy got the name stoicism.

His school was open for anyone who would listen. According to this school of philosophy, “virtue is the only good.” This philosophy is based on the idea of seeking a path to happiness or eauda imonia.

The basic concept of stoicism revolves around 3 major ideas –

• View yourself and the world with its people objectively and accept their nature as they are.

• Discipline your mind to prevent yourself from being controlled by pleasure or pain.

• Realize what is within your power and what is not. And then act on those factors under your power and leave those beyond your control.