Fri. Apr 19th, 2024

C.I.A. – Central Intelligence Agency

CIA Central Intelligence Agency

The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), is an independent civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government. The agency is tasked with gathering, processing and analysing national security information around the world, mainly through human intelligence (HUMINT) [1].

The CIA was established on 31 December 1948 as the Office of Scientific Intelligence (OSI), by merging the Scientific Branch of the Office of Reports and Estimates, and the Nuclear Energy Group of the Office of Special Operations (OSO). It is also the successor to the Central Intelligence Group (CIG) and, to some extent, to the World War II Office of Strategic Services (OSS).

Although most of the information is gathered overseas, the CIA also collects some of its data domestically. The CIA is the only US agency which is authorized by US law to carry out overseas covert activities on behalf of the President of the United States. Unlike the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the CIA is not a law enforcement agency and has therefore no legal jurisdiction. source